Today was a good day. I did very little work.
But don’t get me wrong…it was a really productive day.
Let me explain.
Recent research has looked at how many hours we are actually productive at work. And how much time is spent being distracted.
The results are sort of scary.
Think about your typical day – how often are you pulled away from what you intended to work on and let yourself go down some rabbit hole?
It happens without you knowing it.
Leave Facebook alerts on, check your email every 5 minutes or plan your day with sticky-notes and you’ve cooked up a recipe for distractions.
All your flitting from distraction to distraction can give you a false sense of productivity. Even when you’re not.
Stanford professor and best-selling author Kelly McGonigal writes about the false-positive dopamine rush we can get from checking email or chasing after distractions.
“We all have the capacity to do harder things, we also have the desire to do exactly the opposite.” Kelly McGonigal, The Willpower Instinct
Shuffling paper, checking email, searching for that Excel chart, “Oh!” a Facebook update, back to email, now searching for the file mentioned in the email, back to shuffling paper.
It’s the Parkinson Principle at it’s worse.
Maybe you should stop working so much in order to be more productive.
Why do we work 8 hours a day?
It might surprise you to know the 8-hour work day was never designed around optimal human productivity. In fact, it’s origins lie in the Industrial Revolution, not the Information Age.
In the late 18th century 12 to 16 hour work days were common. Factories needed to run 24/7 and workers were committed to brutally long shifts. People fought back. This is where the idea of “Eight hours labour, eight hours recreation, eight hours rest.” became popular.
Wholesale change didn’t start until around 1914 when the Ford Motor Company made the surprise announcement they were reducing work shifts to 8-hours and increasing wages. Employees were more productive up and soon other companies were on board.
Fast forward to today and work looks a lot different. We don’t move widgets on a factory floor. Instead, we have hundreds of choices every day on how to spend our time. And how to be distracted.
We still budget for an 8-hour work day, but our productivity, according to at least one study, has plummeted to about 3 hours!
According to one study, we are productive for about 3 hours a day!
These results suggest less time at work, but spent more focussed on doing real work could be a better formula. Maybe a 6-hour work day with bigger breaks makes sense to make you more productive.
Here’s where to start
Start with Boundaries
As you know, I work from my Flight Plan – a very short list of priorities for the current week. It’s always hard to get that list down to a dozen (or less) high-priority jobs—the 20 minutes, or so, I spend forcing prioritization on my list always pays off in less anxiety and better results. As someone (smarter than me) once said: “Those who don’t plan will become victims of those who do.”
“Those who don’t plan will become victims of those who do.”
Once you have your Flight Plan, the two most effective tools to keep you on track are Boundaries and Batching. There are lots of other neat tricks that will make you more productive, but let’s just look at those two.
A Boundary is when you’re strategically unavailable. I use these for writing this blog, wrapping up proposals, planning and making sales. No email, no Internet, no distractions – just cranking through one job. Typically, my Boundaries of time are 30 to 60 minutes.
Here’s an example of a Boundary…
Yesterday I needed to hire another editor for my BlogWorks company. After two weeks of talking about it (procrastination), I locked myself away, got to work and by the end of just one hour had 2 interviews set up with 4 more to follow.
For you it could be a coaching session, staff scheduling, creating a new SOP (Standard Operating Procedure), or returning sales calls.
Now that you have Boundaries, it’s time to start batching.
By now I think you know multitasking is a failed game. It isn’t more productive. We delude ourselves into thinking we can jump from task to task (worse yet is to do two at once), but that’s not how we’re wired.
“We delude ourselves into thinking we can jump from task to task (worse yet is to do two at once), but that’s not how we’re wired.”
In one study, subjects who multitasked experienced a drop in IQ equivalent to missing a night of sleep.
Batching is when you complete similar tasks together. This may seem obvious – my experience is people don’t batch.
An obvious example is email – constantly checking your InBox takes you out of the game, raises your anxiety and actually reduces your productivity.
Not convinced? Tally up how many times you check email in one day. I think you’ll be surprised.
There’s also an effect called “attention residue” that happens when you’re still thinking about one task (like that email you read but didn’t reply to) when supposedly you’ve moved onto a new task (like the person who just walked into your office).
Attention residue happens when you’re still thinking about one task when supposedly you’ve moved onto a new task (like the person you’re with).
Tasks you can batch include:
- returning phone calls
- paying bills
- checking email
- Internet research
- running errands
- checking and updating social media
- writing (proposals, speeches, SOP’s, blogs, staff memos…)
- planning your week and your day
- sex (just seeing if you’re still here)
- clearing the clutter out of your workspace
- outsourcing jobs (graphic design, editing, writing, research…)
One practice I’ve developed is to be extra specific when planning the tasks I’m batching together.
For example, it could look like:
“10:00: post job for an editor on Upwork, invite 10 freelancers (60 min)”
That’s a lot better than…
“10:00 find a new editor”
What you can do to be more productive
Maybe you still clock in for an 8-hour workday, or maybe you experiment with a shorter day.
The point is to be effective when you need to be and slack off for the rest. I know I’m at my best when I have a clear Flight Plan matched with a sense of positive urgency.
Start with removing distractions, then create Boundaries and practice Batching similar tasks. You might be surprised how quickly you fly through your list. You might even discover free time to catch up with a friend, creative noodling, or reading a book in your local coffee shop.
Urgency and clear direction will always trump good intentions.